Additional names for Marijuana
Anashca, Banji, Bhang, Blunt, Bud, Cannabis, Cannabis sativa, Charas, Dope, Esrar, Gaga, Ganga, Grass, Haschisch, Hash, Hashish, Herbe, Huo Ma Ren, Joint, Kif, Mariguana, Marihuana, Mary Jane, Pot, Sawi, Sinsemilla, Weed
Marijuana is a drug created from the Cannabis plant. This drug is used recreationally, medicinally and has also been known to be used in various spiritual rites and rituals throughout the ages because of its hallucinogenic effects.
Depending on how the plant is being used, all parts of the plant can be used including the stem, flowers, leaves and the seeds. The adverse effects of the drug are quite extensive, both short and long term.
Because of the varying effects, this drug can fall into several different classifications of drug, however the most likely category would be hallucinogenic.
The principal active ingredient in marijuana is THC or tetrahydrocannabinol. Marijuana is primarily ingested or smoked.
When smoked, the THC enters the lungs and then goes into the bloodstream. When ingested, THC affects specific receptors in the brain called cannabinoid receptors. The receptors are located in the areas of the brain that influence memory, thinking processes, and coordination.
They are usually activated by naturally occurring chemicals in the brain called endocannabinoids which play a major role in brain development and function. Marijuana over activates the endocannabinoid system, causing the feelings that users experience when smoking, ingesting or otherwise using marijuana.
Marijuana is the third most popular recreational drug in America (behind only alcohol and tobacco which are legal), and has been used by nearly 100 million Americans. According to various surveys done by the government, some 25 million Americans have smoked marijuana in the past year, and more than 14 million do so regularly despite state and federal laws against its use. Marijuana is far less dangerous than alcohol or tobacco. Around 50,000 people die each year from alcohol poisoning. In addition, more than 400,000 deaths each year are attributed to tobacco smoking, or the second hand smoke from tobacco. In comparison, marijuana is nontoxic and cannot cause death by overdose.
Marijuana research suggests that cannabis is an aid in the treatment of many medical conditions. These include pain relief — particularly of neuropathic pain (pain from nerve damage) — nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders.
Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant, specifically for patients suffering from HIV, the AIDS wasting syndrome, or dementia. Emerging research suggests that marijuana’s medicinal properties are neuroprotective and may help to protect the body against certain types of malignant tumors.